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Geochemical Journal
Geochemical Journal An open access journal for geochemistry
Published for geochemistry community from Geochemical Society of Japan.

The behaviour of platinum-group elements during magmatic differentiation in Hawaiian tholeiites

Yoshiyuki Tatsumi, Kiwamu Oguri, Gen Shimoda
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 33, No. 4, P. 237-247, 1999


Concentrations of platinum-group elements (PGEs) and gold in basalts from Kilauea and Mauna Loa, Hawaii, were determined by ICP-MS, using an improved fire-assay and tellurium coprecipitation technique for preconcentrating the metals. Major and trace elements, together with Pb-Sr isotope compositions of basalt samples confirmed that these samples are typical Hawaiian tholeiites. The abundances of the PGEs and Au in Hawaiian tholeiites are rather constant during magmatic differentiation processes, whereas MORBs show strong fractionation of those elements. The distinctive behaviour of these PGEs in Hawaiian tholeiites cannot be explained solely via. fractionation of those elements by separation of crystallizing phases such as chromite, olivine and clinopyroxene. Oversaturation of sulfur and separation of sulfides from magmas are required for elucidating PGEs and Au concentrations in Hawaiian tholeiites.

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