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Geochemical Journal
Geochemical Journal An open access journal for geochemistry
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Evidences of the presence of old continental basement in Cheju volcanic Island, South Korea, revealed by radiometric ages and Nd-Sr isotopes of granitic rocks

Kyu Han Kim, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Keisuke Nagao, Eun Jin Park
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 36, No. 5, P. 421-441, 2002


Major and trace element and Nd-Sr isotopic data are presented on the granitic rocks known as a basement in the Cheju volcanic island, together with CHIME age data on porphyritic hornblende-biotite granite xenolith from the Byeoldobong area. The CHIME ages from zircon and allanite grains of porphyritic hornblende-biotite granite were determined to be 169 ± 29 Ma and 183 ± 40 Ma, respectively, which are corresponding to a Jurassic age. It is concordant with a K-Ar age of 172.4 ± 5.2 Ma of a biotite granite in the same area, which is comparable to the Daebo granite in the Korean peninsula. Granitic xenoliths from the Byeoldobong area have Nd-Sr isotopic compositions (initial ratio (143Nd/144Nd)i = 0.51156∼0.51158, εNd = −19∼−14 and (87Sr/86Sr)i = 0.7156∼0.7164, εSr = 101∼179) which are close to those of Jurassic Daebo granite (εNd = −21∼−14, εSr = 104∼171). On the other hand, the micrographic granite from the drilling core in the Hadeokcheon area gives initial ratio (143Nd/144Nd)i = 0.51218 and (87Sr/86Sr)i = 0.7077), which are comparable to the Cretaceous Bulguksa granite ranging from 0.51184 to 0.51268 in 143Nd/144Nd and 0.7055 to 0.7167 in 87Sr/86Sr. The TNdDM model ages of 1.0 to 1.7 Ga from the Mesozoic granitic plutons in the Cheju island suggest that the source materials of the plutons in the island have evolved since mid-Proterozoic time as those of the peninsula. In combination with the basement geology and petrochemistry, Nd-Sr isotopes, and radiometric and model ages of granitic rocks, our results imply that the Okchon zone is continuously extended to the Cheju volcanic Island of the southeastern end of the continental margin of the Eurasian plate.

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