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Geochemical Journal
Geochemical Journal An open access journal for geochemistry
Published for geochemistry community from Geochemical Society of Japan.

Behavior of major and trace elements during weathering rind formation in buried terrace basalt cobble

Koshi Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Haruta, Setsuo Yogo, Hidekazu Yoshida
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 53, No. 3, P. 219-222, 2019


In order to reveal elemental mobility during weathering rind formation, a basalt cobble buried in a fluvial terrace conglomerate layer is examined based on the elemental concentration profiles across the rind to fresh core for major and trace elements including rare earth elements. The weathering rind showed extreme depletion of SiO2, FeO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, Co, Zn, Sr, Ni, Y and LREEs and slight depletion of Al2O3 compared to fresh core. Dissolution of SiO2 together with Al2O3 and Zn can be explained by basification of interstitial water by dissolution of alkali and alkaline earth elements under the groundwater table. While REEs and Y are immobile under the basic condition because of low solubility, dissolution of these elements may have occurred under the oxidative and acidic condition above groundwater table after subsequent uplifting the layer. Thus the dissolution of elements have occurred at two stages during weathering rind formation.


basalt, cobble, rind formation, elemental behavior

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