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Geochemical Journal
Geochemical Journal An open access journal for geochemistry
Published for geochemistry community from Geochemical Society of Japan.

Geochemistry and stable isotopic variations of water and dissolved sulfate from landslide areas in Niigata and Nagano Prefectures, Japan. A case study

Minoru Kusakabe, Osamu Sato
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 57, No. 2, P. 85-91, 2023


The chemical and isotopic characteristics of waters from typical landslide areas in Niigata and Nagano Prefectures, Japan, are described in this article. The study areas are Mushigame, Nigorisawa, Yomogihira (Niigata Pref.) and Kanayamazawa (Nagano Pref.) where landslides have often occurred. We present the chemical composition and δD-δ18O values of surface and groundwaters from the areas in order to characterize a geochemical nature of the waters involved in the landslides. The waters were of meteoric origin as indicated by the δD-δ18O values. The Mushigame waters were enriched in NaCl, suggesting contribution of fossil seawater trapped in oil-producing mudstone strata in the area. The Nigorisawa and Yomogihira waters are less in Cl- and relatively more enriched in HCO3- and SO42-. The Na-K-Mg relationship of all the waters except the Kanayamazawa waters indicated close equilibration with some minerals such as K-feldspar, K-mica, chlorite and silica in the rocks, suggesting water-rock interaction at deeper depths, although the waters were greatly diluted by surface groundwater on the way to the surface as indicated by their δD-δ18O signatures. Dissolved sulfate is a major anion and was originally produced by oxidation of sulfides in volcanic rocks. Variable δ34S and δ18O values of sulfate suggest reduction of such sulfate to sulfide probably at shallow levels under different reducing conditions followed by re-oxidation, inducing the variability in the isotopic values. Thus, multiple oxidation-reduction processes may be common in the areas.


Landslide waters, chemical composition, isotopic ratios, Niigata Prefecture

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