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Geochemical Journal
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Helium isotopes in South Pacific deep seawater

Yuji Sano, Naoto Takahata, Toshitaka Gamo
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 29, No. 6, P. 377-384, 1995

ABSTRACT

We have measured 3He/4He and 4He/20Ne ratios and 4He concentrations in 19 South Pacific water samples with various depths from station SA-6 located in the Solomon Sea (6°38'S, 153°38'E) and SA-7 in the central Coral Sea Basin (14°16'S, 154°19'E) on the KH-92-4 cruise of the Research Vessel, Hakuho Maru of the University of Tokyo. The 3He/4He and 4He/20Ne ratios vary significantly from 0.988 Ratm to 1.276 Ratm and from 0.254 to 0.292, respectively. An extensive plume of water enriched in 3He has been discovered at a depth of about 2000 meter. Taking 3He/4He data of the Geosecs and the South Tow expeditions, 25% excess 3He plume can be traced over 5000 kilometers to the west of the East Pacific Rise. Observed 25% excess 3He plume at SA-6 and 7 may be independent from the ridge, which suggests that there is another source of the mantle derived helium in the area studied.

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