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Geochemical Journal
Geochemical Journal An open access journal for geochemistry
Published for geochemistry community from Geochemical Society of Japan.

Geochemistry of the Longsheng Ophiolite from the southern margin of Yangtze Craton, SE China

Xian-Hua Li
Geochemical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, P. 323-337, 1997


Geochemical and Sm-Nd isotopic data are presented for basaltic volcanic rocks from the Longsheng Ophiolite, which were crystallized at 977 ± 10 Ma and tectonically emplaced into the Danzhou Group (Banxi equivalent) along the southern margin of the Yangtze Block, SE China during the Neoproterozoic. The volcanic rocks have undergone low-grade alteration and metamorphism, displaying high Na2O contents (>5%) and a large variation of mobile elements, but a relatively small range of immobile elements. With enrichment of Th and LREEs, relatively low high-field-strength elements and other REEs, and the Ta-Nb-Ti negative anomaly, the volcanic rocks are geochemically similar to basalts forming in subduction-related environments, typical of the “supra-subduction zone” ophiolites. Nd isotopes of the volcanic rocks preclude a MORB-like depleted mantle source for the Longsheng Ophiolite, though their Sm-Nd isotopic systems have been rehomogenized during the late Neoproterozoic alteration. The Longsheng volcanic rocks, therefore, are interpreted to have been generated either by extension and thinning of a continental arc, or at a backarc side of continental arc during the early stage of the backarc spreading.

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